The height (or thickness) of a carpet is the measurement of the pile. A distinction is made between short- and long-pile carpets, depending on their height.
Axminster carpets are woven with a special yarn (the warp) and jute or polyester (the weft) to achieve permanent construction. The yarn of the warp is a twisted wool (80%) with polyamide (20%) which improves the resistance and resilience of the pile. This technique is used to produce carpets for contract or retail projects, so much so that we start with a minimum of 400 square metres.
Carving is done with a shaving machine that highlights the patterns by cutting or raising the pile, depending on the effect you want to achieve. This finishing is done by hand.
Cut pile is a trim where the loops of thread are cut to leave the fibres vertical, and the ends exposed.
fleece or fibres
The pile is the top layer of a carpet that makes up its surface and pattern. The fleece is made up of short threads that lie perpendicular to the warp. The height of the pile is usually evened out with a shaving action at the end of the production process for each contemporary and non-contemporary carpet. Flat woven carpets, on the other hand, have no pile because the warp and weft are interwoven.
The lightness of mohair, the warmth of wool and the sheen of silk make this yarn incomparable. This is one of Moret’s specialities, which, on the strength of more than half a century's experience in the world of carpets, has created elegant yarn precisely to give value to the designer carpets it makes. The three natural fibres of which it is composed are all of the highest quality, resulting in an excellent yarn.
The hand-knotted technique creates furniture of the highest quality. The carpet is handmade, by creating thousands of knots (150,000 to 180,000 knots per square metre). These knots are tied one-by-one by at least three craftsmen per carpet, at the rate of a few dozen centimetres per day. The smaller the knot, the more precise the pattern, resulting in high-end carpets. Hand-knotted carpets can be recognised from the back, where the same design can be seen as on the front. Moret carpets created using the hand-knotted technique are made in Turkey by experienced craftsmen who master different types of knots and densities. Depending on the design, Moret chooses the perfect combination of knots and density.
The technique of making savonnerie carpets originated in France in the seventeenth century. These furnishing items are able to reproduce the effect of three-dimensionality in a woven carpet. This effect is given by the use of countless yarns with different shades of colour. The three-dimensional effect is achieved by working on a piece of cardboard, a design as large as the carpet itself. In this way, the craftsmen knot the yarn following the pattern meticulously and thus creating the right shades to bring out the details of the design itself.
Hand-woven carpets are less valuable than those made using the hand-knotted technique, but they are better than those made entirely on industrial looms. This technique involves both hand-knotting and the use of a loom. This shortens production times, but on the other hand, it is not possible to produce all of the designs that can be created with pure hand-knotting. Hand-woven carpets, therefore, have simpler designs and fewer shades of colour.
The header is a passage of visible weft woven on the two ends of the shorter sides of the carpet. This finish is used to protect knots from wear and to give the items a straight profile.
High-low relief is processing of the fleece that is done by hand. It is used to create a three-dimensional effect by working the pile at different heights, resulting in a high-quality carpet.
Natural textile fibres include hemp, which is made from the innermost part of the cannabis sativa plant. Its unique characteristics make it ideal to produce a quality carpet with its increased strength and thermal insulation capacity.
Kilim carpets are flat, i.e. without a pile. To make a kilim, the warp and weft are woven tightly together to obtain a flat surface. Wool yarn is normally used for the weft, while cotton and wool are used for the warp. This results in a very durable, and at the same time, lightweight carpet that is easier to clean and requires less maintenance. A special feature of kilim carpets are the slits, a kind of very pronounced line between two areas of different colour that emphasises the pattern. Depending on the pattern, special weaving strategies are adopted to avoid the gap and thereby create a blurred image.
I kilim jaquard sono tappeti tessuti piatti ottenuti con i telai jaquard, macchinari per la tessitura meccanica che possono eseguire disegni complessi. Così si ottengono tappeti dal design molto elaborato, impiegando il lavoro di un singolo artigiano.
Il primary banking è un tessuto incollato sul retro del tappeto per mantenere il posizione il vello. Nei tappeti tufted, infatti, vengono aggiunti ciuffi di vello alla struttura.
The loop pile is a finish that creates a special texture. The knots in the structure are left, not cut, to form loops.
Over-dye is a finish. When the carpet has been made, a monochromatic dye is applied to give it an unusual colour effect. The new colour is added to the previous ones to create unusual shades of colour.
Primary backing is a fabric glued to the back of the carpet to keep the pile in place. In tufted carpets, tufts of pile are added to the structure.
Secondary backing is a second finishing fabric that is applied to the back of the tufted carpet.
The selvedge, (also called selvage), is the final part of the carpet. Here, craftsmen use various techniques to increase the strength of the carpet: some twist the warps together, some make bunches with the warps and some repeatedly wrap the wefts and warps together. The selvedges can be round or flat.
The shaggy carpet is characterised by a long pile that gives softness and elegance to this piece of furniture. These carpets originated in the 1960s and are back in vogue today.
Shining light and light softness - these are the unique characteristics of silk. This yarn is used by Moret in its purest form to add value to luxury carpets. Of all natural fibres, silk is the strongest: its continuous thread can be up to one kilometre long. Silk's multifaceted character also stems from the triangular cross-section of its threads, which enrich it with jewel-like facets of light, adding body to the colours and making it shiny.
Tencel is a natural fibre that is extracted from cellulose in eucalyptus forests. It is an environmentally friendly material because the cultivation of the plants from which it is derived is managed in a sustainable way, which is also why Moret chooses it for its high-end carpets. Tencel is also made up of 30% antibacterial properties. Aesthetically, as it is a very fine yarn, it gives the carpets a refined and silky appearance.
La trama è il filato che viene passato per tutta la larghezza del tappeto ogni volta che viene completato un ricorso di nodi.
L’underlay è uno strato gommoso e antiscivolo che viene posizionato sotto il tappeto. L’underlay serve a dare più stabilità e ad aumentare la durata del tappeto nel tempo.
Viscose is a synthetic fibre that, through complex processes, takes on characteristics similar to silk, both in appearance and consistency. It is certainly not as refined as the more famous natural fibre, so Moret only uses viscose on request. This yarn is characterised by its workability and its ability to make carpet patterns more precise and vivid.
A wall-to-wall carpet is a piece of furniture that covers the entire surface of a room and is therefore custom-made.
The warp is the supporting structure of the hand-knotted carpet. During the weaving process, it is stretched lengthwise on the loom. The yarn that makes up the carpet pile is then knotted onto the warp. Then, between the rows of warp and pile, the weft is fixed, which gives the carpet stability. When finished, the warp is noticeable around the edges of the carpet, where it can form fringes.
The weft is the yarn that is passed across the width of the carpet each time a knot pattern has been completed. Wool Velvety, compact, durable, and easy to dye, wool is the ideal fibre to make carpets. Moret uses wool from New Zealand and from Siverek, the town nestled between the Turkish hills where the craftsmen create Moret carpets. The former is very coarse and white and is universally recognised as the best wool in the world. The latter has been chosen for its softness, as it tends to open naturally into flakes. Both are rich in lanolin, which improves stain resistance.
yarn B1 certificate
Soft wool meets elastic polyamide and together they create this yarn. What you get is a very durable thread that gives a pleasant warm feeling. The yarn composed of wool and polyamide is specifically designed for modern carpets or classic designs that will be used in commercial, executive and hotel areas. (80% wool and 20% polyamide)